how cartoons are made. Или мои эксперементы с освоением языка )


Сентоза2Hello everyone! My name is Ekaterina Maximova and I am an animator! Probably every little boy or girl is dreaming  to make his or her own cartoons. The process seems fantastic and unreal but it`s not so.  I want to talk about how cartoons are made.
At first, all cartoons is divided into several types of cartoons. They are the Stop-motion animation, Traditional ( or Classic ), Computer ( 3d Animation and Flash) and Сhaise Animation. At the present moment there is a growing number of new technologies for creating animation, like Sands animation, animation on the walls of buildings and in the tunnels of subways. Whatever it is, we still get the result, which in this case is the cartoons. Let`s look at each tehnology separately.
Stop-motion animation can be seen in «Wolles and Grommit» cartoon. In this style of animation the puppet animation is the most frequently used . The pupped animation is a method of volumetric animation. In the process of creating a stop-motion cartoon we use a scene — model and puppets as actors. At first we make a photo of each frame of the scene.  After each frame in the scene, we need to save any changes, for example we need to change a puppet pose. Object’s motion`as illusion occurs when screening the received frames` sequence. This type of animation was created in Russia, where W.A.Starevich started to make pupped toons in 1911. Amongst the most prominent of his followers was A.L .Ptushko, whose «The Stone Flower»(1946) is one of the masterpieces of puppet animation.
The next type of animation is the Classic or Traditional, or the Hand-drawn animation. The technology of this animation`s type is based on time-lapse recording slightly different drawings. At first, every frame was drawn separately and completely. That was difficult for work and took a lot of time of and manpower. Later a technique of drawing objects and backgrounds on a transparent film, that overlapped one another. On one layer a background can be created, on the second layer there are stationary parts of a body of characters, on a third layer there are the unsteady parts, etc. This creation made the process of cartoon making much more easier than before. At the beginning the multilayer technique was applied by Walt Disney.
A hand-drawn animation appeared at the end of the ninetenth till the beginning of the twentieth century. In 1900-1907 James Stuard Blakton produced the animation films «Magic Pictures», «Comic expression funny face», «The Haunted Hotel» and others.
A computer animation (like in «A toy story» for example). A computer animation is similar to the Traditional animation, except that the animator uses a computer to draw, instead of a pencil. Or in a three-dimensional programs they used ready character models.
There is also the Sands animations. In the Sands animation a bantam powder (usually it is a cleaning sand, but also it may be salt or coffee, or anything like that) in thin layers are applied to glass and then mixed, creating a moving picture…(usually all the actions were done by hands, however some time it can be done by using a brush). It can be can done with a projector or with a light board,  the created pictures can be put on a screen.
Well.. I explained to you about the most popular categories of animation and about the technology used in its creation. I hope you are is satisfied.

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